Urology Specialists of Ohio

Thank you for choosing the Urology Specialists of Ohio. Your care and well-being are our primary concerns, and we want your stay
to be as comfortable as possible. Please call us if you have any questions at (937) 342-9260


Prostate cancer starts in the cells of the prostate. A cancerous (malignant) tumour is a group of cancer cells that can grow into and destroy nearby tissue. It can also spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in Canadian men. Many older men have this disease without knowing it. It usually grows slowly and can often be completely removed or successfully managed when it is diagnosed. Older men with prostate cancer often die of other causes.

The prostate is part of a man’s reproductive and urinary systems. It is a walnut-sized gland just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It surrounds part of the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine and semen through the penis. The prostate makes mucus and prostatic fluid, which mix with sperm and other fluids to make semen.

Cells in the prostate sometimes change and no longer grow or behave normally. These changes may lead to non-cancerous (benign) conditions such as prostatitis and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Changes to prostate cells can also cause precancerous conditions. This means that the abnormal cells are not yet cancer, but there is a chance they will become cancer if they aren’t treated. Precancerous conditions that can develop in the prostate are prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN), atypical small acinar proliferation (ASAP) and proliferative inflammatory atrophy (PIA).

But in some cases, changes to prostate cells can cause prostate cancer. Most often, prostate cancer starts in gland cells of the prostate. This type of cancer is called adenocarcinoma of the prostate.

Rare types of prostate cancer can also develop. These include urothelial carcinoma (also called transitional cell carcinoma), sarcoma and small cell carcinoma.

Inner Pages Welcome for Urology Specialists of Ohio Springfield Ohio
Thank you for choosing our group of doctors and staff for your Urology needs. In order for us to better serve you, below is a checklist of things to know and bring to your first appointment. If you do not have the paperwork filled out prior to your appointment, please arrive 15 minutes early to complete in the office. If you do not have the paperwork filled out prior to your appointment time then your appointment will be rescheduled to another date.

Urology Specialists of Ohio has been a committed part of the Springfield community for more that 10 years, and now serves Springfield, Beavercreek, London, Xenia, and Urbana striving to improve the medical community, with excellence in all areas of urology.

Our goals are to provide state of the art medical treatment for patients with genitourinary problems. We provide this in the most compassionate and cost effective way possible. We take pride in providing excellent care with attention to detail and respect in a friendly atmosphere.


The upper part of the prostate is called the base. It rests against the lower part (neck) of the bladder. The lower, narrowed part of the prostate is called the apex. The prostate is divided into a right and a left lobe.

The prostate is made up of many branching ducts surrounded by the stroma. The stroma is made up of connective tissue and muscle fibres. The cells that line the ducts make prostatic fluid, which is mixed with sperm and other fluid to make semen. Most of the prostate is covered by a thin layer of connective tissue called the capsule. The apex of the prostate is covered by the anterior fibromuscular stroma, which is made up of muscle fibres and connective tissue.

The seminal vesicles are glands found on each side of the prostate. They make most of the fluid in semen. The seminal vesicles are sometimes removed during surgery to remove the prostate (called a radical prostatectomy).

The prostate is divided into the following areas.

The peripheral zone is the largest area of the prostate. It can easily be felt by the doctor during a digital rectal exam (DRE). Most prostate cancers start in the peripheral zone.

The transition zone surrounds the part of the urethra that passes through the prostate (called the prostatic urethra). This zone gets bigger as men age, a condition called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

The central zone lies behind the transition zone and surrounds the ejaculatory ducts, which run from the seminal vesicles to the prostatic urethra. Very few prostate cancers start in the central zone.

The anterior fibromuscular stroma is a thickened area of tissue that surrounds the apex of the prostate. It is made of muscle fibres and fibrous connective tissue. This area of the prostate doesn’t contain any glands. Prostate cancer is rarely found in this part of the prostate.


The main function of the prostate is to make prostatic fluid. Prostatic fluid is rich in enzymes, proteins and minerals that help protect and nourish sperm. When a man is sexually aroused, the prostate pushes prostatic fluid through the ducts and into the urethra. Prostatic fluid mixes with sperm and other fluids in the urethra and is ejaculated as semen.

Hormones, including testosterone and those made by the pituitary gland and adrenal glands, help control the function of the prostate gland.



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(937)  342-9260



Business Location:
1164 E. Home Road
Springfield, Ohio 45503